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Citation, Reference & Writing Resources

Instructors at Fontbonne University typically require students to format their papers, including citations and references, according to the style guide of either the American Psychological Association (APA) or the Modern Languages Association (MLA).  APA is used more widely at Fontbonne across the disciplines, and MLA is used primarily in English classes.  These links provide citation and reference models and a variety of other information regarding APA and MLA styles.  For further help with the MLA or APA formatting guidelines, contact a writing specialist at the Kinkel Center (314-889-4571 or writing@fontbonne.edu).

APA PowerPoint Presentation * Requires Internet Explorer 9 or Firefox to hear audio.

Four Components of an Effective Body Paragraph

How to Organize a Paper: A Framework for Success

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
OWL offers free resources in writing, research, grammar and style guides.

Diana Hacker’s Research and Documentation Online
Diana Hacker, author of A Pocket Style Manual, offers examples of citations and references for almost all types of sources in both MLA and APA formats.

The American Psychological Association's APA Style  
The APA provides tips and advice for using the APA style manual and guidelines.

The Modern Language Association's Frequently Asked Questions about MLA Style 
The MLA provides tips and advice for using the MLA style manual and guidelines. 

EB Communication's The Style Wizard
The Style Wizard offers a template to create APA references for the current edition (the Fifth Edition).  The Style Wizard italicizes properly, but  you need to capitalize following the APA guidelines, which are supplied.  For most Web sites, skip numbers 5 and 6 and remove ",  Web site:" from the completed reference.

Landmark's Son of Citation Machine
The Citation Machine offers a template to create APA and MLA references and citations. The template provides some formatting, so double check the completed reference against Hacker's examples.