Office: AB 324
Ph.D., Indiana State University, 1988
B.S., University of Missouri – St. Louis, 1978
Cell and molecular biology
Tissue culture techniques
Research Area/ Scholarly Interest
Right now, I am studying the effects of road salts on development of caterpillars and butterflies.
Butterfly wing coloration has implications in several fields of biology including larval development, evolution, animal behavior and ecology, but I am focused more on the pathways used by the pupal animals to generate the color patterns see on the adult wings. Many of the pathways used by invertebrates give us insight into similar pathways used by mammals.